Practicing creative thinking and its relation to academic achievement
Creativity is essential for survival and it is the path to progress and prosperity. Their creativity, innovation, invention and leadership measure the progress and development of nations.Creative thinking is one of the finest and highest skills and abilities that should be acquired by students in all different academic levels. The main objective of this study is to disclose the extent of practicing creative thinking and its relationship to academic achievement among students of the Jordan University of Science and Technology. The study was conducted on a sample of 1159 male and female students, who were chosen randomly. The study involved the following main question: To what extent are students of Jordan University of Science and Technology practicing creative thinking? It also contained three hypotheses: 1) There is a significant difference of practicing creative thinking among the students of Jordan University of Science and Technology due to gender; 2) There is a significant difference of practicing creative thinking among students of Jordan University of Science and Technology due to academic year; 3) There is a significant correlation between practicing creative thinking among students of Jordan University of Science and Technology and academic achievement. The results of the study indicated that students of Jordan University of Science and Technology are practicing creative thinking at a moderate level reaching 2.96 at Likert scale. Moreover, it revealed that there is a statistically significant difference in the level of practicing creative thinking due to gender favoring male students. A close relationship between the level of practicing creative thing and academic achievement was found, where 20% of the research sample having high academic achievement showed moderate level of practicing creative thinking.
Keyword : academic achievement, creative thinking, flexibility, fluency, higher education, originality, problem-solving
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Akpur, U. (2020). Critical, reflective, creative thinking and their reflections on academic achievement. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2020.100683
Al-Aqbawi, A. (2019). Altafkir al’iibdaeiu fi hali almushkilati: dar kunuz lilmaerifat aleilmia. Dar almasirat lilnashr waltawzie.
Al-Assaf, C. (2013). Aitijahat muealimi aldirasat alaijtimaeiat litanmiat maharat altafkir al’iibdaeii ladaa talbat almarhalat al’asasiat fi mudiriat altarbiat althaalithat bieaman. Majalat aljamieat al’iislamiat lildirasat altarbawiat walnafsia, 21(1), 269–292.
Al-Atoum, A., & Aljrah, A. (2017). ‘Asasiaat maharat altafkir. Dar almasirat lilnashr waltawzie.
Al-Haddabi, D., Al-Felfali, H., & Al-Olayy, T. (2011). Mustawaa maharat altafkir al’iibdaeii ladaa altulaab almuealimin fi al’aqsam aleilmiat bikuliat altarbiat waleulum altatbiqiat. Almajalat alearabiat litanmiat almawahi, 3, 34–57.
Al-Halaq, H. (2017). Altafkir alibda’i: maharat tastahiq altalum: alhayatu al-suryiyatu alamatu li-lkitabi. Wizarat althaqafa.
Al-Maliki, O., & Al-Mana, O. (2018). Almuhadadat aliaijtimaeiat litadris al’iibdae ladaa tulaab aljamieat alsaeudia. Majalat aleulum altarbawia, 2(2), 420–455.
Al-Rubaie, F. (2020). Dawr muealimi alriyadiaat fi tanmiat maharat altafkir al’iibdaeii. Majalat aladab wal’adab waleulum al’iinsaniat waeilm aliajtimae, 57, 43–54.
Al-Turk, R., & Al-Qudah, M. (2017). Yumaris tulaab aljamieat al’urduniyat darajat maharat altafkir. Dirasat: Eulum tarbawia, 44(4–a6), 73–91. https://doi.org/10.37397/almajaalis.v4i2.66
Ananiadou, K., & Claro, M. (2009). 21st Century skills and competences for New Millennium learners in OECD countries. OECD Education Working Papers 41. EDU/WKP(2009)20. https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/218525261154.pdf?expires=1636199597&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=5C0960810F126ED12424DAC084D94001
Arab, K., & Al-Ayed, W. (2012). Qias alqudrat al’iibdaeiat ladaa talabat alkuliat bijamieat almujamaea. Almajalat altaelimiat alduwliat almutakhasisa, 1(3), 88–105.
Ayasrah, M., & Hamadneh, B. (2010). Arajat altafkir al’iibdaeii ladaa tulaab almarhalat althaanawiat fi ‘iirbid – al’urdun. Majalat jamieat alnajah (Aleulum alansaniati), 24(9), 2590–2619.
Beghetto, R. A. (2010). Creativity in the classroom. In J. C. Kaufman & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of creativity (pp. 447–465). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511763205.027
Chauhan, S., & Sharma, A. (2017). A study of relationship between creativity and academic achievement among public and private school students in both the gender. International Journal of Science Technology and Management, 6(1), 39–45.
Cheung, Ch.-K., Roskams, T., & Fisher, D. (2006). Enhancement of creativity through a one-semester course in university. Journal of Creative Behavior, 40(1), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.2006.tb01264.x
Dweck, C. S. (2016). Mindset: The new psychology of success. Ballantine Books.
Facione, P. A. (1990). Critical thinking: A statement of expert consensus for purposes of educational assessment and instruction. Research findings and recommendations prepared for the Committee on Pre-College Philosophy of the American Philosophical Association. American Philosophical Association.
Fatmawati, A., Zubaidah, S., Mahanal, S., & Sutopo, S. (2019). Critical thinking, creative thinking, and learning achievement: How they are related. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1417. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1417/1/012070
Ford, C. M., & Gioia, D. A. (2000). Factors influencing creativity in the domain of managerial decision making. Journal of Management, 26(4), 705–732. https://doi.org/10.1177/014920630002600406
Gajda, A. (2016). The relationship between school achievement and creativity at different educational stages. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 19, 246–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2015.12.004
George, J. M. (2008). Creativity in organizations. In J. P. Walsh & A. P. Brief (Eds.), The academy of management annals (Vol. 1, pp. 439–477). Lawrence Erlbaum. https://doi.org/10.5465/078559814
Gube, M., & Lajoie, S. (2020). Adaptive expertise and creative thinking: A synthetic review and implications for practice. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2020.100630
Guilford, J. P. (1967). Joy Paul Guilford. In E. G. Boring & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The century psychology series. A history of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 5, pp. 167–191). R. M. Elliott, G. Lindzey, & K. MacCorquodale (Series Eds.). Appleton-Century-Crofts. https://doi.org/10.1037/11579-007
Guilford, J. P. (1988). Some changes in the structure-of-intellect model. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 48(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1177/001316448804800102
Hsiao, H.-S., Chang, C.-S., Lin, C.-Y., & Hu, P.-M. (2014). Development of children’s creativity and manual skills within digital game-based learning environment. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 30(4), 377–395. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcal.12057
Ismael, H. R. (2019). Aljamieat waltaalib waltafkir al’iibdaeiu fi ealaqatih bibaed almutaghayirat. Majalat aldirasat altaarikhiat walthaqafia, 11(2/40), 315–350.
Jaber, I. (2018). Maharat altafkir al’iibdaeii. Dar altaelim aljamieiu.
Jarial, G. S. (1980). A review of studies on creativity in relation to intelligence, socio-economic status, sex, academic achievement and values in the Indian context. Indian Psychological Review, 19(3), 28–34.
Jarwan, F. (2013). Al’iibdaei: almafhum walmaeayir walmukawinat. Dar Al-Fikr.
Jarwan, F. (2002). Tadris altafkiri: almafahim waltatbiqat. Dar alkitaab aljamieiu.
Judkins, R. (2017). The art of creative thinking: 89 ways to see things differently. Perigee.
Kampylis, P., & Berki, E. (2014). Educational practices series: Vol. 25. Nurturing creative thinking. S. Vosniadou (Series Ed.). Gonnet Imprimeur.
Kim, J.-Y. (2020). A longitudinal study of the relation between creative potential and academic achievement at an engineering university in Korea. The Research Journal for Engineering Education, 109(4), 704–722. https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20365
Laguía, A., Moriano, J, A., & Gorgievski, M. J. (2019). A psychosocial study of self-perceived creativity and entrepreneurial intentions in a sample of university students. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 31, 44–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.11.004
Majdoubi, K. (2020). Altafkir al’iibdaeiu wamueawiqatuh fi marhalat altaelim al’asasii. Majalat kuliyat aladab, 2(29), 331–350.
Majid, S. (2008). Tanmiat maharat altafkir al’iibdaeii walnaqdii. Dar safa’ liltibaeat walnashr waltawziei.
Mishra, P., & Mehta, R. (2017). What we educators get wrong about 21st-century learning: Results of a survey. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 33(1), 6–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/21532974.2016.1242392
Mynbayeva, A., Vishnevskaya, A., & Sadvakassova, Z. (2016). Experimental study of developing creativity of university students. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 407–413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.02.113
Naderi, H., Abdullah, R., Aizan, H. T., Sharir, J., & Kumar, V. (2010). Relationship between creativity and academic achievement: A study of gender differences. Journal of American Science, 6(1), 181–190.
Nurhamidah, D., Masykuri, M., & Dwiastuti, S. (2018). Profile of senior high school students’ creative thinking skills on biology material in low, medium, and high academic perspective. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1006. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1006/1/012035
Olatoye, R. A., Akintunde, S. O., & Ogunsanya, E. A. (2010). Relationship between creativity and academic achievement of business administration students in South Western polytechnics, Nigeria. African Research Review: An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Ethiopia, 4(3), 134–149. https://doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v4i3.60164
Perry, A., & Karpova, E. (2017). Efficacy of teaching creative thinking skills: A comparison of multiple creativity assessments. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 24, 118–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2017.02.017
Rule, A. C., Alkouri, Z. A., Criswell, Sh. J., Evans, J. L., Hileman, A. N., Parpucu, H., Ruan, B., Dykstra van Meeteren, B., Uhlenberg, J., Vasileva, O. S., & Zhbanova, K. S. (2012). Practicing creative thinking skills by making creative products related to economic issues. Social Studies Research and Practice, 7(3), 47–67. https://doi.org/10.1108/SSRP-03-2012-B0004
Saadh, J., Qatami, Y., Aisan, S., Hindi, S., & Yahya, A. (1996). Qudrat altafkir al’iibdaeii ladaa talabat jamieat alsultan qabus. Majalat albuhuth altarbawia, (1), 12–53.
Safadi, R. (2015). Jawdat albiyat aljamieiat waealaqatiha bial’iintaj alfaniyi litalabat alfunun aljamilat bijamieat al’aqsaa [Master Thesis, Al-Aqsa University]. Gaza Strip, Palestine [unpublished source].
Sekaran, U. (1984). Research methods for managers: A skill-building approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Sun, M., Wang, M., & Wegerif, R. (2020). Effects of divergent thinking training on students’ scientific creativity: The impact of individual creative potential and domain knowledge. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2020.100682
Torrance, E. P. (1969). Prediction of adult creative achievement among high school seniors. Gifted Child Quarterly, 13(4), 223–229. https://doi.org/10.1177/001698626901300401
Torrance, E. P. (1966). Torrance tests of creative thinking. Norms-technical manual: Research edition. Verbal tests, forms A and B. Figural tests, forms A and B. Personnel Press.
Yasin, R. M., & Yunus, N. Sh. (2014). A meta-analysis study on the effectiveness of creativity approaches in technology and engineering education. Asian Social Science, 10(3), 242–252. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v10n3p242