The impact of Industry 4.0 on education contents

    Adriana Grenčíková   Affiliation
    ; Marcel Kordoš   Affiliation
    ; Valentinas Navickas   Affiliation


New jobs will be created because of the Industry 4.0 concept implementation needs, employers will require new, especially digital skills and abilities from their employees. There is a need to change teaching and educational techniques in all types of schools, and instead of being specialized narrowly in one area, education should focus on a much broader overview, as people need to be educated in systemic and interdisciplinary thinking at all types of schools, including nontechnical ones. The main goal of the study is to identify areas on which the content of education should focused on in the future in terms to Industry 4.0. As research methods, a questionnaire survey was conducted in Slovak companies during the period of February – June 2019 along with statistical methods. The survey was carried out by random selection, 350 companies were contacted with a return of 220 responses. The research outcomes declare that changes in workforce qualification structure related to the Industry 4.0 concept implementation should have a positive effect on increasing the competitiveness of companies and increasing production effectivity. Based on the results it is proposed the expected positive changes should be transformed into enforcing the vocational training in companies and structural changes within the Slovak educational system.

Keyword : human resources management, labor market, skills, knowledge, education contents changes, job structure changes, education of employees, organisations operating, Slovakia

How to Cite
Grenčíková, A., Kordoš, M., & Navickas, V. (2021). The impact of Industry 4.0 on education contents. Business: Theory and Practice, 22(1), 29-38.
Published in Issue
Jan 22, 2021
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Automotive Industry Association of the Slovak Republic. (2020).

Belas, J., Vojtovič, S., & Ključnikov, A. (2016). Microenterprises and significant risk factors in loan process. Economics and Sociology, 9(1), 43–59.

Bohac, R., & Lipkova, L. (2016). Cataracts of globalization and the economic diplomacy of small states. Economic Annals-XXI, 159(5–6), 16–19.

Boksa, M., Saroch, S., & Boksova, J. (2020). Digitalization of SMEs. International Advances in Economic Research, 26(2), 175–177.

Cepel, M., Belas, J., Rozsa, Z., & Strnad, Z. (2019). Selected economic factors of the quality of business environment. Journal of International Studies, 12(2), 228–240.

Cihelkova, E., Nguyen, H. P., Fabuš, M., & Čimova, K. (2020). The EU concept of the “strategic partnership”: Identifying the “unifying” criteria for the differentiation of strategic partners. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 7(3), 1723–1739.

Cihelkova, E., Platonova, I. N., & Frolova, E. D. (2019). Comparative analysis of supporting small and medium enterprises for enhancing created added value in the EU and China. Economy of Region, 15(1), 256–269.

Daňo, F., Drabik, P., & Hanulakova, E. (2020). Circular business models in textiles and apparel sector in Slovakia. Central European Business Review, 9(1), 1–19.

Dano, F., & Lesakova, D. (2018). The role of environmental stimuli in shopping evaluation and responses, Ekonomicky Casopis, 66(5), 465–478.

De Castro, T., Vlčkova, J., & Hnat, P. (2017). Trade and investment relations between the Czech Republic and China: The Czech Republic as a gateway to the EU? Society and Economy, 39(4), 481–499.

Federation of employers’ associations of the Slovak Republic. (2020).

FinStat s. r. o. (2020).

Fojtikova, L. (2017). China’s trade competitiveness in the steel industry after 15 years of its membership in the WTO. Economic Annals-XXI, 166(7–8), 16–19.

Fojtikova, L., & Stanickova, M. (2017). The EU member states export competitiveness and productivity. Politicka Ekonomie, 65(6), 669–689.

Gartner, M., Sadilek, T., & Zadražilova, D. (2017). Cross-cultural adaptability in a sample of international university students in Prague – gender and culture effect. Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, 12(3), 893–906.

Gorlevskaya, L., Kubičkova, V., Fodranova, I., & Žak, Š. (2018). Innovations and new product development: Evidence from enterprises active in Slovak Republic. Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, 13(1), 164–173.

Grančay, M., & Dudaš, T. (2019). Bilateral trade flows and comparative advantage: Does the size matter? Society and Economy, 41(4), 397–413.

Gress, M., Lipkova, L., & Harakal’ova, L. (2016). EU enlargement 2004 – Ten years after. Actual Problems of Economics, 177(3), 23–30.

Grmanova, E., & Ivanova, E. (2018). Efficiency of banks in Slovakia: Measuring by DEA models. Journal of International Studies, 11(1), 257–272.

Grmelova, N. (2020). Czech Republic: Opposing mandatory front of package food labelling in the council preliminary discussions. European Food and Feed Law Review, 15(5), 477–479.

Grmelova, N. (2019a). Czech Republic: Cross-compliance criteria for farming and processing edible insects. European Food and Feed Law Review, 14(1), 61–65.

Grmelova, N. (2019b). Czech Republic: Key topics discussed at the central Europe food waste conference 2019. European Food and Feed Law Review, 14(4), 380–382.

Grmelova, N., & Zahradnikova, R. (2019). Corporate social responsibility of five leading food retailers operating in the Czech Republic. European Food and Feed Law Review, 14(2), 180–186.

Helisek, M. (2019). Exchange rate mechanism II and the risk of currency crisis – Empiricism and theory. Journal of International Studies, 12(1), 297–312.

Hnat, P., & Sankot, O. (2019). European imbalances and shifts of global value chains to the Central European periphery: Role of institutions. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geographica, 54(2), 221–231.

Hnat, P., Zemanova, Š., & Machoň, M. (2016). Economics-focused articles in the journal mezinarodni vztahy as a reflection of the specifics of Czech research [Ekonomicky zaměřene texty v časopise Mezinarodni vztahy jako odraz specific českeho vyzkumu]. Mezinarodni Vztahy, 51(1), 68–82.

Jeniček, V. (2016). Economic growth in the development economy. Agricultural Economics (Czech Republic), 62(2), 93–99.

Jirankova, M. (2012). Nation-states as investors in a globalized world. Ekonomicky Casopis, 60(8), 854–870.

Křečkova, Z., Zadražilova, D., & Řezankova, H. (2016). The added value of women in management: The Czech case. Prague Economic Papers, 25(3), 354–373.

Kreckova, Z., Odehnalova, J., & Reardon, J. (2012). Consumer ethnocentricity within the environment of economic crisis [Vartotojo etnocentriškumas ekonominės krizės aplinkoje]. Engineering Economics, 23(3), 271–281.

Lipkova, L., Gress, M., & Poncarova, A. (2017). Tax systems in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic: Comparison with an emphasis on income tax. Economic Annals-XXI, 165(5–6), 47–51.

Lipkova, L., & Hovorkova, K. (2018). Economic situation in Norway after the outbreak of the global financial and oil crises in the context of EU integration trends, Economic Annals-XXI, 169(1–2), 12–14.

Machkova, H., & Sato, A. (2017). Analysis of competitiveness of Belgian sugar industry. Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske, 133(12), 390–392.

Maitah, M., & Smutka, L. (2019). The development of world sugar prices. Sugar Tech, 21(1).

Mentlik, R., & Helisek, M. (2018). Euro and corporate management in Czech Republic. European Research Studies Journal, 21(2), 441–452.

Miklosik, A., Evans, N., Zak, S., & Lipianska, J. (2019). A framework for constructing optimisation models to increase the visibility of organizations’ information in search engines. Information Research, 24(1), article number 808.

Miklošik, A., Hlavaty, I., Daňo, F., & Červenka, P. (2016). Google answer box keyword-related analysis a case study. European Journal of Science and Theology, 12(5), 185–194.

Miklosik, A., Kuchta, M., Evans, N., & Zak, S. (2019). Towards the adoption of machine learning-based analytical tools in digital marketing. IEEE Access, 7, article number 8746184, 85705–85718.

Ministry of Economy of Slovak Republic. (2020).

Mura, L., Haviernikova, K., & Machova, R. (2017). Empirical results of entrepreneurs’ network: Case study of Slovakia. Serbian Journal of Management, 12(1), 121–131.

Mura, L., & Ključnikov, A. (2018). Small businesses in rural tourism and agro tourism: Study from Slovakia. Economics and Sociology, 11(3), 286–300.

Navickas, V., Vojtovic, S., & Svazas, M. (2017). Biomass clusters influence on business competitiveness [Wpływ klastra biomasy na konkurencyjność gospodarczą]. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 16(2), 188–197.

Nenckova, L., Pecakova, I., & Šauer, P. (2020). Disposal behaviour of Czech consumers towards textile products. Waste Management, 106, 71–76.

Obadi, S. M., & Korcek, M. (2018). The crude oil price and speculations: Investigation using granger causality test. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 8(3), 275–282.

Okręglicka, M., Haviernikova, K., Mynarzova, M., & Lemańska-Majdzik, A. (2017). Entrepreneurial intention creation of students in Poland, Slovakia and Czechia [Kreowanie intencji przedsiębiorczych wśrod studentow w Polsce, Słowacji i Czechach]. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 15(2), 162–172.

Piha, S., Pohjanheimo, T., Lahteenmaki-Uutela, A., Křečkova, Z., & Otterbring, T. (2018). The effects of consumer knowledge on the willingness to buy insect food: An exploratory crossregional study in Northern and Central Europe. Food Quality and Preference, 70, 1–10.

Roškot, M., Wanasika, I., & Kreckova Kroupova, Z. (2020). Cybercrime in Europe: surprising results of an expensive lapse. Journal of Business Strategy, (article in press).

Sadilek, T., & Zadražilova, D. (2015). History and current situation of sugar industry in Austria [Historie a současny stav cukrovarnictvi v Rakousku]. Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske, 131(12), 392–395.

Sadilek, T., & Zadražilova, D. (2016). Current trends in German sugar industry [Současne trendy německeho cukrovarnictvi]. Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske, 132(12), 390–393.

Sauer, P., & Prasek, J. (2018). Private subject in wastewater treatment regional coalition project: The case of chemical industry factory. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 19(2), 499–507.

Sauer, P., Hadrabova, A., & Kreuz, J. (2018). Decoupling of GDP and air pollution in the Czech Republic: Trend analysis and policy story behind. International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 21(5-6), 253–272.

Smutka, L., Maitah, M., & Svatoš, M. (2019). Policy impacts on the EU-Russian trade performance: The case of agri-food trade. Journal of International Studies, 12(2), 82–98.

Schwab, K. (2018). The fourth industrial revolution.

Sejkora, J. & Sankot, O. (2017). Comparative advantage, economic structure and growth: The case of Senegal. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 20(1), article number a1685.

Simionescu, M., Bilan, Y., Krajňakova, E., Streimikiene, D., & Gędek, S. (2019). Renewable energy in the electricity sector and GDP per capita in the European Union. Energies, 12(13), article number 2520.

Srovnalikova, P., Haviernikova, K., & Guščinskiene, J. (2018). Assessment of reasons for being engaged in clusters in terms of sustainable development. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 8(1), 103–112.

Svacina, P., Rydlova, B., & Bohacek, M. (2018). Remuneration of employee inventions at Czech universities. Scientific Papers of the University of Pardubice, Series D: Faculty of Economics and Administration, 26(43), 232–245.

Šaroch, S. (2015). Informovane zamyšleni nad budoucnosti EU (a nejen nad ni). Politicka Ekonomie, 63(5), 677–680.

Šauer, P., Kolinsky, O., & Prašek, J. (2019). Negotiating municipalities-industrial factory wastewater treatment coalition project: An economic laboratory experiment. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 20(1), 369–375.

Šmejkal, V., & Šaroch, S. (2014). EU as a highly competitive social market economy-Goal, Options, and reality. Review of Economic Perspectives, 14(4), 393–410.

Tajtakova, M., Žak, Š., & Filo, P. (2019). The lipstick effect and outdoor cultural consumption in Slovakia in times of crisis. Ekonomicky Casopis, 67(6), 607–628.

Taušer, J., Arltova, M., & Žambersky, P. (2015). Czech exports and German GDP: A closer look. Prague Economic Papers, 24(1), 17–37.

Taušer, J., & Čajka, R. (2014). Hedging techniques in commodity risk management. Agricultural Economics (Czech Republic), 60(4), 174–182.

Thivant, E., & Machkova, H. (2017). An analysis of French mergers and acquisitions in different sectors of the Czech economy. Central European Business Review, 6(1), 48–60.

Toth, D., Maitah, M., & Maitah, K. (2019). Development and forecast of employment in forestry in the Czech Republic. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(24), article number 6901.

Toth, D., Maitah, M., Maitah, K., & Jarolinova, V. (2020). The impacts of calamity logging on the development of spruce wood prices in Czech forestry. Forests, 11(3), article number 283.

Zagata, L., Hrabak, J., & Lošťak, M. (2020). Post-socialist transition as a driving force of the sustainable agriculture: a case study from the Czech Republic. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 44(2), 238–257.

Zagata, L., Lošťak, M., & Swain, N. (2019). Family farm succession of the first post-socialist generation in the Czech Republic. Eastern European Countryside, 25(1), 9–35.

Zemanova, Š., Drulakova, R., Peterkova, J., & Přikryl, P. (2015). Foreign policy strategies of small states in contemporary international relations [Zahraničněpoliticke strategie malych statů v současnem mezinarodnim prostředi]. Mezinarodni Vztahy, 50(3), 5–23.

Zemanova, Š. (2015). When could new “potent small states” emerge? A study of the recent metamorphosis of Czech human rights foreign policy. Journal of International Relations and Development, 18(2), 129–154.