Investigating factors affecting road freight overloading through the integrated use of BLR and CART: a case study in China

    Yikai Chen Affiliation
    ; Kai Wang Affiliation
    ; Yu Zhang Affiliation
    ; Renjia Luo Affiliation
    ; Shujun Yu Affiliation
    ; Qin Shi Affiliation
    ; Wenting Hu Affiliation


Overloading of road freight vehicles accelerates road damage, creates unfair competition in the transport market, and increases safety risk. There is a dearth of research on the mining of data of highway Freight Weight (FW), and this paper therefore aims to discover factors affecting road freight overloading based on highway FW data, with a view of developing strategies to mitigate such occurrences. A comprehensive sampling survey of road freight transportation was conducted in Anhui Province (China). Vehicle Characteristics (VC), Operation Mode (OM), and transportation information from a total of 3248 trucks were collected. In order to take advantage of the strengths associated with both statistical modelling techniques and non-parametric methods, a Classification And Regression Tree (CART) technique was integrated with Binary Logistic Regression (BLR) to reveal the factors affecting road freight overloading. The classification efficacy test shows that the BLR–CART method outperformed the BLR method in term of accuracy. It is also revealed that the factors affecting overloading of freight vehicles are the Type of Transportation (ToT), Rated Load (RL), OM, FW during the investigation period, interaction between RL and FW, and interaction among RL, FW, and Average Haul Distance (AHD). Road transport authorities should pay greater attention to these factors in order to improve efficiency and effectiveness of overloading inspection.

Keyword : highway transportation, overloaded trucking, sampling survey, classification and regression tree (CART), binary logistic regression (BLR), overloading inspection

How to Cite
Chen, Y., Wang, K., Zhang, Y., Luo, R., Yu, S., Shi, Q., & Hu, W. (2020). Investigating factors affecting road freight overloading through the integrated use of BLR and CART: a case study in China. Transport, 35(3), 236-246.
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May 21, 2020
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


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