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Impact of government support policies on regional economic resilience under the COVID-19 outbreak

    Fei Fan Affiliation
    ; Zongyuan Weng Affiliation
    ; Jiahe Tian Affiliation

Abstract

Using the policy package pilot implemented in Hubei Province, China, in April 2020 as a natural experiment, we use the synthetic control (SC) and synthetic difference in differences (SDID) methods to estimate the impact of the Chinese government’s support policy on the economic resilience and to analyze the mechanisms by which it impacts. This study finds that the policy package has contributed to the growth of economic resilience in the pilot provinces, with the policy package increasing the average economic resilience of the pilot provinces by 0.062 compared to their potential resilience. The validity and robustness of the above conclusions are objectively confirmed by multidimensional quantitative outcomes such as placebo tests, ranking tests, and replacements in calculating resilience. The mechanism analysis shows that the investment in real estate development, the stimulus for consumption, and the core industry development are virtual channels for the policy package to promote economic resilience growth in the pilot provinces. Moreover, traditional investment in transportation fixed assets plays a minor role. This paper quantitatively corroborates the academic idea that government governance capacity affects regional economic resilience (RER), and research can provide empirical support for regional economic recovery and policy support under a major crisis.

Keyword : COVID-19, government support policies, regional economic resilience, policy packages, synthetic control

How to Cite
Fan, F., Weng, Z., & Tian, J. (2024). Impact of government support policies on regional economic resilience under the COVID-19 outbreak. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 30(1), 74–106. https://doi.org/10.3846/tede.2024.20397
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Jan 4, 2024
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