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Reverse mortgage and financial sustainability

    Eva Boj   Affiliation
    ; M. Mercè Claramunt   Affiliation
    ; Xavier Varea   Affiliation

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects that contracting a reverse mortgage has on the finances of families of a country or group whose members who aged 65 or older are the sole owners of the 100% of the property, regardless of the receipt of a retirement pension. For this purpose, an economic-financial model based on the life cycle model is defined, which considers a double source of randomness: mortality and dependence of family members. Long-term effects are measured using probabilistic, temporal and monetary indicators. For each country, the model must be adapted according to the legal framework for retirement and long-term care benefits and for the actuarial mortality and long-term care tables. As an illustration, this model was applied on Spanish families using data from the Spanish Survey of Household Finances 2017. The results obtained indicate that a family in Spain that meets the conditions for contracting a reverse mortgage sees, on average, an increase in its initial income and a decrease in both its probability of having liquidity problems in the future and the value of this lack of liquidity. It is also concluded that family composition influences the magnitude of these positive effects.


First pubilshed online 25 April 2022

Keyword : life cycle, Markov process, Spanish Survey of Household Finances, simulation, long-term care, reverse mortgage

How to Cite
Boj, E., Claramunt, M. M., & Varea, X. (2022). Reverse mortgage and financial sustainability. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 28(4), 872–892. https://doi.org/10.3846/tede.2022.16617
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Jun 7, 2022
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