Can Bitcoin be a safe haven in fear sentiment?

    Chi-Wei Su Affiliation
    ; Yuan Xi Affiliation
    ; Ran Tao Affiliation
    ; Muhammad Umar Affiliation


This paper explores how fear sentiment affects the price of Bitcoin by employing the rolling-window Granger causality tests. The analysis reveals negative influences from the volatility index (VIX) to Bitcoin price (BTC), which ascertains that Bitcoin can not be considered a haven in fear sentiment. Due to the liquidity in economic downside risks, BTC may decrease with high VIX to hedge losses, increasing during low VIX periods. The empirical results conflict with the intertemporal capital asset pricing model, which underlines that the increasing VIX can promote the price of Bitcoin. In turn, BTC positively impacts VIX, which shows that Bitcoin price can be treated as the main indicator for a more comprehensive analysis of the fear index. Under severe global uncertainty and changeable fluctuation of market sentiment, investors can optimize investment decisions based on market fear sentiment. The government can also consider VIX to grasp the trend of BTC to participate in cryptocurrency speculation effectively.

First published online 18 January 2022

Keyword : Bitcoin price, volatility index, causal relationship, time-varying

How to Cite
Su, C.-W., Xi, Y., Tao, R., & Umar, M. (2022). Can Bitcoin be a safe haven in fear sentiment?. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 28(2), 268–289.
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