Companies‘ structural changes and wages


The article analyzes how structural changes taking place in companies affect wages and determine their changes. It is relevant to examine how the structural changes of companies are related to wage indicators, because this reveals one of the most important economic consequences of the structural changes of companies, which is also significant at the level of the national economy. The aim of the research is to theoretically base the essence of structural changes, to empirically evaluate how the structural changes of companies and wages are related. A statistical study was conducted, investigating the links between wages and structural changes in Lithuanian companies. The method of correlation-regression analysis was applied. The results of the study show that one of the most prominent structural effects affecting wages is the development of enterprise activity (judging by indicators of turnover and investment in fixed assets) – this structural change is positively correlated with wage growth. Another structural change in companies, which is associated with the increase in wages, is the growth of foreign capital in domestic companies. The results of the study have practical significance in understanding the factors that determine wage growth in the country’s companies and forecasting wage growth.

Article in Lithuanian.

Įmonių struktūriniai pokyčiai ir darbo užmokestis


Straipsnyje analizuojama, kaip įmonėse vykstantys struktūriniai pokyčiai veikia darbo užmokestį ir lemia jo pokyčius. Aktualu nagrinėti, kaip įmonių struktūriniai pokyčiai susiję su darbo užmokesčio rodikliais, nes tai atskleidžia vieną svarbiausių įmonių struktūrinių pokyčių ekonominių pasekmių, reikšmingų ir šalies ekonomikos lygmeniu. Straipsnio tikslas – teoriškai grindžiant struktūrinių pokyčių esmę, empiriškai įvertinti, kaip susiję įmonių struktūriniai pokyčiai ir darbo užmokestis. Atliktas statistinis darbo užmokesčio ir struktūrinių pokyčių Lietuvos įmonėse sąsajų tyrimas. Taikytas koreliacinės regresinės analizės metodas. Tyrimo rezultatai rodo, jog vienas ryškiausių struktūrinių poveikių, veikiančių darbo užmokestį, yra įmonių veiklos plėtra (vertinant pagal apyvartos ir investicijų į ilgalaikį turtą rodiklius) – šis struktūrinis pokytis teigiamai koreliuoja su darbo užmokesčio augimu. Kitas įmonių struktūrinis pokytis, siejamas su darbo užmokesčio didėjimu, yra užsienio kapitalo šalies įmonėse augimas. Tyrimo rezultatai turi praktinę reikšmę suvokiant veiksnius, lemiančius darbo užmokesčio augimą šalies įmonėse, ir prognozuojant darbo užmokesčio augimą.

Reikšminiai žodžiai: įmonė, verslas, struktūriniai pokyčiai, darbo užmokestis, kapitalas, užsienio kapitalas, darbuotojų skaičius.

Keyword : company, business, structural changes, wages, capital, foreign capital, employee number

How to Cite
Puodžiūnienė, A., & Baležentis, T. (2024). Companies‘ structural changes and wages. Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania, 16.
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Apr 9, 2024
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