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A study on the use of banks financial technologies in the states of the European Union

Abstract

The article analysis financial technologies and their relevance and usefulness in the existing financial market. The work presents and analyzes the services (models) provided by financial technologies, they can be divided into payments, asset management, crowdfunding, lending, and the capital and insurance market. The main and most popular services provided by banks, which are related to financial technologies, are presented. A SWOT analysis of financial technologies is also presented, which shows the advantages and disadvantages of FinTech. The services provided by financial technologies are very diverse, they are provided by both ordinary companies and banks. This article focuses on financial technology that is provided by banks – internet usage: internet banking, number of ATMs, credit transfers in a state, percentage of population in a state, which shows how many people have a debit or credit card and whether those residents have received or made a digital transfer. In the third part, using multi-criteria evaluation methods: CRITIC and EDAS and performing cluster analysis, European Unions are compared and ranked.


Article in Lithuanian.


Bankų finansinės technologijos ir jų naudojimas Europos Sąjungos valstybėse


Santrauka


Straipsnyje yra nagrinėjamos finansinės technologijos (FinTech) bei jų aktualumas ir naudingumas esančioje finansų rinkoje. Finansinių technologijų teikiamos paslaugos yra labai įvairios, jas teikia tiek paprastos įmonės, tiek bankai. Finansinių technologijų naudojimas bankuose yra gana siaurai išnagrinėta tema. Todėl šiame darbe dėmesys yra sutelktas į bankų finansines technologijas bei jų naudojimą Europos Sąjungos valstybėse. Kiekvienas bankas gali pasirinkti, kokias paslaugas jis nori įdiegti į savo veiklą, bet dauguma bankų naudojasi bent jau penkiomis vienodomis paslaugomis, kurios bus nagrinėjamos šiame darbe. Šios pateiktos paslaugos yra teikiamos daugumoje bankų – naudojimasis internetu: internetinė bankininkystė, bankomatų skaičius, kreditiniai pervedimai valstybėje, valstybėje esančių gyventojų skaičiaus procentas, kuris parodo, kiek žmonių turi debeto arba kredito kortelę bei ar tie gyventojai yra gavę arba atlikę skaitmeninį pervedimą. Trečioje dalyje, taikant daugiakriterius vertinimo metodus CRITIC ir EDAS bei atliekant klasterinę analizę, yra analizuojami ir lyginami Europos Sąjungos valstybėse veikiantys bankai bei juose naudojamos finansinės technologijos.


Reikšminiai žodžiai: finansinės technologijos, daugiakriteriai vertinimo metodai, CRITIC metodas, EDAS metodas, klasterinė analizė, ES valstybės.

Keyword : financial technologies, multi-criteria evaluation methods, CRITIC method, EDAS method, cluster analysis, EU states

How to Cite
Padvilikytė, A., & Garškaitė-Milvydienė, K. (2024). A study on the use of banks financial technologies in the states of the European Union. Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania, 16. https://doi.org/10.3846/mla.2024.19871
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Feb 13, 2024
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