Application of remote sensing for monitoring carbon farming: a review


This research article presents an overview of the role of carbon farming in mitigating climate change by sequestering carbon in soil and vegetation. The article highlights the potential of remote sensing technology for monitoring carbon farming practices and CO2 absorption. Carbon farming practices, such as conservation tillage, cover cropping, crop rotation, and agroforestry, are discussed. The article explains the application of remote sensing technology, including satellite-based remote sensing, aerial photography, and ground-based sensors, in monitoring changes in carbon sequestration and CO2 absorption. The article concludes that remote sensing technology provides a powerful tool for monitoring carbon farming and CO2 absorption and is likely to become even more effective in the future as technology continues to advance.

Article in English.

Nuotolinių tyrimų taikymas anglies ūkininkavimo stebėsenai: apžvalga


Šiame moksliniame straipsnyje apžvelgiamas anglies ūkininkavimo vaidmuo švelninant klimato kaitą, kaupiant anglį dirvožemyje ir augmenijoje. Straipsnyje pabrėžiamas nuotolinio stebėjimo technologijos potencialas stebint anglies ūkininkavimo praktiką ir CO2 absorbciją. Aptariamos anglies dioksido ūkininkavimo praktikos, pvz., tausojantis žemės dirbimas, dengiamųjų augalų auginimas, sėjomaina ir agrarinė miškininkystė. Nagrinėjamas nuotolinio stebėjimo technologijų, įskaitant palydovinius vaizdus, aerofotografiją, antžeminius jutiklius, taikymas, stebint anglies kaupimo ir CO2 absorbcijos pokyčius. Straipsnyje daroma išvada, kad nuotolinio stebėjimo technologija yra galingas įrankis anglies kaupimui ir CO2 absorbcijai stebėti, o, technologijoms tobulėjant, ateityje greičiausiai taps dar veiksmingesnis.

Reikšminiai žodžiai: nuotoliniai tyrimai, palydoviniai vaizdai, CO2, anglies ūkininkavimas, beariminė žemdirbystė.

Keyword : remote sensing, CO2, tillage, strip-till, no-till, minimal-till, carbon farming

How to Cite
Metrikaitytė Gudelė, G., & Sužiedelytė Visockienė, J. (2023). Application of remote sensing for monitoring carbon farming: a review. Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania, 15.
Published in Issue
Aug 21, 2023
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Abdul-Jabbar, T. S., Ziboon, A. T., & Albayati, M. M. (2023). Crop yield estimation using different remote sensing data: Literature review. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1129(1), 012004.

Ali, K. A., Ahmad, M. I., & Yusup, Y. (2020). Issues, impacts, and mitigations of carbon dioxide emissions in the building sector. Sustainability, 12(18), 7427.

Angelopoulou, T., Tziolas, N., Balafoutis, A., Zalidis, G., & Bochtis, D. (2019). Remote sensing techniques for soil organic carbon estimation: A review. Remote Sensing, 11(6), 676.

Avgoustaki, D. D., Bartzanas, T., & Xydis, G. (2021). Minimising the energy footprint of indoor food production while maintaining a high growth rate: Introducing disruptive cultivation protocols. Food Control, 130, 108290.

Balafoutis, A., Beck, B., Fountas, S., Vangeyte, J., Van Der Wal, T., Soto, I., Gómez-Barbero, M., Barnes, A., & Eory, V. (2017). Precision agriculture technologies positively contributing to GHG emissions mitigation, farm productivity and economics. Sustainability, 9(8), 1339.

Chen, Y., Guerschman, J. P., Cheng, Z., & Guo, L. (2019). Remote sensing for vegetation monitoring in carbon capture storage regions: A review. Applied Energy, 240, 312–326.

Csillik, O., Kumar, P., Mascaro, J., O’Shea, T., & Asner, G. P. (2019). Monitoring tropical forest carbon stocks and emissions using Planet satellite data. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 17831.

Dimobe, K., Kouakou, J. L. N. djoré, Tondoh, J. E., Zoungrana, B. J. B., Forkuor, G., & Ouédraogo, K. (2018). Predicting the potential impact of climate change on carbon stock in semi-arid West African savannas. Land, 7(4), 124.

Eve, M., Pape, D., Flugge, M., Steele, R., Man, D., Riley-Gilbert, M., & Biggar, S. (2014). Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes in agriculture and forestry: Methods for entity-scale inventory.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2018). The 10 elements of agroecology guiding the transition to sustainable food and agricultural systems.

Ghaffar, A., Rahman, M. H. U., Ahmed, S., Haider, G., Ahmad, I., Khan, M. A., Afzaal, M., Ahmed, S., Fahad, S., Hussain, J., & Ahmed, A. (2022). Adaptations in cropping system and pattern for sustainable crops production under climate change scenarios. In Improvement of plant production in the era of climate change (pp. 1–34). CRC Press.

Hatfield, J. L., Sauer, T. J., & Prueger, J. H. (2001). Managing soils to achieve greater water use efficiency: A review. Agronomy Journal, 93(2), 271–280.

Hati, K. M., Biswas, A. K., Somasundaram, J., Mohanty, M., Singh, R. K., Sinha, N. K., & Chaudhary, R. S. (2019). Soil organic carbon dynamics and carbon sequestration under conservation tillage in tropical vertisols. In Carbon management in tropical and sub-tropical terrestrial systems (pp. 201–212). Springer.

Izaurralde, R. C., McGill, W. B., Williams, J. R., & Rosenberg, N. J. (2001). Simulating soil carbon dynamics, erosion
and tillage with EPIC.

Jin, X., Kumar, L., Li, Z., Xu, X., Yang, G., & Wang, J. (2016). Estimation of winter wheat biomass and yield by combining the AquaCrop model and field hyperspectral data. Remote Sensing, 8(12), 972.

Kenneth, E., & Spaeth, J. (2022). National range and pasture handbook: Subpart A – grazing land resources.

Lai, R. (1989). Conservation tillage for sustainable agriculture: Tropics versus temperate environments. Advances in Agronomy,
42, 85–197.

Lal, R. (2019). Eco-intensification through soil carbon sequestration: Harnessing ecosystem services and advancing sustainable development goals. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 74(3), 55A–61A.

Loveland, P. J., Conen, F., & Van Wesemael, B. (2014). Batjes, N. H. 1996: Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world. European Journal of Soil Science, 65(1), 4–9.

Lu, B., Dao, P. D., Liu, J., He, Y., & Shang, J. (2020). Recent advances of hyperspectral imaging technology and applications in agriculture. Remote Sensing, 12(16), 2659.

Montaldo, N., & Oren, R. (2016). The way the wind blows matters to ecosystem water use efficiency. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 217, 1–9.

Naftel, H. (2022). Understanding the barriers to carbon farming on private lands. Utah State University.

Paul, C., Bartkowski, B., Dönmez, C., Don, A., Mayer, S., Steffens, M., Weigl, S., Wiesmeier, M., Wolf, A., & Helming, K. (2023). Carbon farming: Are soil carbon certificates a suitable tool for climate change mitigation? Journal of Environmental Management, 330, 117142.

Paustian, K., Lehmann, J., Ogle, S., Reay, D., Robertson, G. P., & Smith, P. (2016). Climate-smart soils. Nature, 532(7597), 49–57.

Perosa, B., Newton, P., & da Silva, R. F. B. (2023). A monitoring, reporting and verification system for low carbon agriculture: A case study from Brazil. Environmental Science and Policy, 140, 286–296.

Punia, A. (2021). Carbon dioxide sequestration by mines: Implications for climate change. Climatic Change, 165(1–2), 10.

Reicosky, D. C., & Kassam, A. (2021). Conservation agriculture carbon and conservation centered foundation for sustainable production. In Soil organic matter and feeding the future: Environmental and agronomic impacts (pp. 19–64). CRC Press.

Robert, M. (2001). Soil carbon sequestration for improved land management. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Schlesinger, W. H., & Amundson, R. (2019). Managing for soil carbon sequestration: Let’s get realistic. Global Change Biology, 25(2), 386–389.

Statistics Canada. (2015). Conventional tillage: How conventional is it?

Tiefenbacher, A., Sandén, T., Haslmayr, H. P., Miloczki, J., Wenzel, W., & Spiegel, H. (2021). Optimizing carbon sequestration in croplands: A synthesis. Agronomy, 11(5), 882.

United States Department of Agriculture. (2014a). An overview of agroforestry.

United States Department of Agriculture. (2014b). Conservation practice standard: Cover crop.

United States Department of Agriculture. (2016a). Conservation practice standard: Residue and tillage management, no till.

United States Department of Agriculture. (2016b). Conservation practice standard: Residue and tillage management, reduced till.

United States Department of Agriculture. (2020). Conservation practice standard: Composting facility.

Zhang, T., Zhang, W., Yang, R., Cao, D., Chen, L., Li, D., & Meng, L. (2022). CO2 injection deformation monitoring based on UAV and InSAR technology: A case study of Shizhuang Town, Shanxi Province, China. Remote Sensing, 14(1), 237.

Zhang, T., Zhang, W., Yang, R., Liu, Y., & Jafari, M. (2021). CO2 capture and storage monitoring based on remote sensing techniques: A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 281, 124409.

Zhong, W., & Haigh, J. D. (2013). The greenhouse effect and carbon dioxide. Weather, 68(4).