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The concept of the digital twin of the built environment

Abstract

The built environment is an area where there are buildings and other objects that meet people’s needs. One of the ways to differentiate people’s needs and satisfy them in real time is to use a digital twin (DT). The digitalization of the construction process uses building information modeling (BIM) methodology. When BIM is applied from the very beginning of the idea of implementing an object of the built environment, information about the object begins to be accumulated from the very beginning of the object’s life cycle. Accumulating information about the object is particularly important to extract the best version of the DT model. It is also important to understand that it is not enough to have a real object and digital information about it. The digital twin will work if information links between the real and virtual environment are provided.


Article in Lithuanian.


Užstatytos aplinkos skaitmeninio dvynio samprata


Santrauka


Užstatyta aplinka – tai teritorija, kurioje yra statiniai ir kiti objektai, tenkinantys žmonių poreikius. Vienas iš būdų, kaip išskirti žmonių poreikius ir realiuoju laiku juos tenkinti, – pasitelkti skaitmeninį dvynį (angl. Digital Twin, DT). Skaitmenizuojant statybų procesą taikoma statinio skaitinio modeliavimo (angl. Building Information Modeling, BIM) metodologija. Kai BIM taikomas nuo pat užstatytos aplinkos objekto įgyvendinimo idėjos, informacija apie objektą pradedama kaupti nuo pat objekto gyvavimo ciklo pradžios. Informacijos kaupimas apie objektą yra ypač svarbus norint išgauti geriausią DT modelio variantą. Svarbu suprasti ir tai, kad neužtenka turėti realų objektą ir skaitmeninės informacijos apie jį. Skaitmeninis dvynys veiks, jei bus užtikrinti informaciniai ryšiai tarp realios ir virtualios aplinkos.


Reikšminiai žodžiai: užstatyta aplinka, skaitmeninis dvynys, statinio informacinis modeliavimas, DT, BIM.

Keyword : built environment, digital twin, building information modeling, DT, BIM

How to Cite
Grigorjeva, E. (2023). The concept of the digital twin of the built environment. Mokslas – Lietuvos Ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania, 15. https://doi.org/10.3846/mla.2023.16975
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Mar 16, 2023
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