Rheological properties of bitumen modified with a combination of FT paraffin wax (Sasobit®) and other additives

    Hassan Fazaeli Affiliation
    ; Amir A. Amini Affiliation
    ; Fereidoon Moghadas Nejad Affiliation
    ; Hamid Behbahani Affiliation


Fischer–Tropsch paraffin Sasobit® is a popular Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) modifier applied to improve physi­cal and rheological properties of bitumen. Although there are a number of studies investigating the effects of sasobit on bitumen properties, little has been carried out on evaluation of bitumen modified by sasobit along with other additives. In this study, sasobit modified bitumen is used as the base condition and four common modifiers namely anti-stripping agent, Crumb Rubber (CR), Styrene–Butadiene–Styrene (SBS) and Polyphosphoric Acid (PPA) are added separately to the FT – Wax modified bitumen to evaluate the compatibility of these additives with sasobit. Morphological, rheological and physical properties of modified binders are studied using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scan­ning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA), Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR) alongside with conventional tests. Results show that although anti-stripping agent reduce bitumen viscosity and mixing/compac­tion temperatures of asphalt mixtures, it has significantly increased the stiffness of sasobit modified bitumen at low temperatures. Among all, sasobit and crumb rubber combination exhibited the best performance, especially at low and intermediate temperatures.

Keyword : modified bitumen, sasobit, dynamic shear rheometer, morphology, additives

How to Cite
Fazaeli, H., Amini, A. A., Moghadas Nejad, F., & Behbahani, H. (2016). Rheological properties of bitumen modified with a combination of FT paraffin wax (Sasobit®) and other additives. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management, 22(2), 135-145.
Published in Issue
Mar 1, 2016
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