Determining the form of error distribution of geodetic measuring

    Valeriy Gladilin   Affiliation
    ; Vadym Belenok   Affiliation
    ; Nataliia Shudra   Affiliation


Industrial equipment is a dynamic system and has deformations not only during installation but also during operation. Under the influence of variable load and displacement of the center of gravity, the soil under the foundation settles unevenly, and accordingly, the equipment deforms unevenly, which is a threat to the equipment, the greater the load corresponds to more subsidence.
Separation of partial deformations from full is important for determining the elements of straightening equipment for its uninterrupted and trouble-free operation. The presence of significant total deformation does not affect the performance of the equipment. The most critical deformations are partial deformations. Absolute vertical deformations are calculated as the difference in sediment between adjacent sediment marks, which are fixed on the equipment in the same measurement cycle.
Comparing the values of deformations with the allowable technical conditions, decide on the need for straightening and adjustment of equipment.
The accuracy of installation is characterized by a tolerance of 0.1÷0.5 mm on the relative position of the equipment, which is conjugate mounted at a distance of several tens or hundreds of meters. For installation of the equipment with such accuracy carry out special geodetic works with use of methods and technical means of measurements specially developed for this purpose in geodesy, metrology and mechanical engineering.

Keyword : deformation (full, general, partial), geodetic measurement, error distribution, installation of precision technological equipment

How to Cite
Gladilin, V., Belenok, V., & Shudra, N. (2022). Determining the form of error distribution of geodetic measuring. Geodesy and Cartography, 48(2), 56–61.
Published in Issue
Jun 6, 2022
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Gladilin, V. N. (1996). Tochnost’ geodezicheskih izmerenij pri vyverke promyshlennogo oborudovaniya. Tehnika (in Russian).

Gladilin, V., Belenok, V., Hebryn-Baidy, L., & Chookarina, N. (2019). Structural method for determining deformations by geodetic measurements. Geodesy and Cartography, 45(2), 92–95.

Novickij, P. V., & Zograf, I. A. (1991). Ocenka pogreshnostej rezul’tatov izmerenij. Energoatomizdat (in Russian).

Tereshchuk, O. I., Korniyenko, I. V., Kryachok, S. D., Malik, T. M., Belenok, V. Y. & Skorintseva, I. B. (2019). Research of systematic errors according to the results of processing satellite observations by software complexes. News of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Series of Geology and Technical Sciences, 4(436), 199–212.

Tihonov, A. N., & Arsenin, V. Ya. (1974). Metody resheniya nekorrektnyh zadach. Nauka (in Russian).

Viduev, N. G., & Kondra, G. S. (1969). Veroyatnostno-statisticheskij analiz pogreshnostej izmerenij. Nedra (in Russian).