Selecting the best architectural form of the office building with the level of non-stop function against explosion
Regarding the importance of structures in sustainable development of countries, the necessity to consider them versus inflicted forces has an especial position. One of the inflicted forces upon these structures is explosion. Given that the resistance of a construction against blast wave depends on the form and shape of the building, numbers of trap doors and openings, power and quality of materials utilized in the building; in consequence, studying and evaluating types of construction forms versus outcomes resulted from explosion find importance. The behavior of three kinds of buildings including the forms of cone, hemisphere and frustum were, therefore, evaluated in the research. Various methods can be applied in order to assess behavior of construction against blast load, however, Finite Element method has been utilized in the article duo to particular capabilities of it in the blast assessments. Then, results of blast loading over the constructions were surveyed and it was concluded that buildings with hemispherical form show the best manner and providing openings called colloquially blast walls are used in the building; construction resistance versus blast load is raised.
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