Liquid nitrogen injection into aviation fuel to reduce its flammability and post-impact fire effects

    Abdulbaqi Jinadu   Affiliation
    ; Olalekan Adebayo Olayemi   Affiliation
    ; Ayodeji Akangbe Affiliation
    ; Abdul-Haleem Olatinwo   Affiliation
    ; Volodymyr Koloskov   Affiliation
    ; Dmytro Tiniakov   Affiliation


The finite volume method was used to study the characteristic of contaminated aviation fuel with the aim of reducing its flammability and post-impact fire. The flammability levels between pure Jet A-1 and contaminated Jet A-1 are compared using their flashpoints and fire points before and after the introduction of Liquid Nitrogen. Upon heating different mixing ratios (4:1, 3:1, and 2:1), results are analyzed to identify the best volume ratio exhibiting the highest reduction in flammability. Analysis shows that the mixing ratio of 2:1 not only froze but increased the flashpoint of the mixture from (48 ˚C–50 ˚C) to 64 ˚C. For the mixing ratio of 3:1, there was a rise in flashpoint to about 56 ˚C and partial freezing was seen at the topmost surface. At a mixing ratio of 4:1, it was observed that the effect of liquid nitrogen on Jet A-1 was minimal leading to a slight rise in its flash point (50 ˚C). Thus, liquid Nitrogen had a substantial effect on the flammability and flash point of Jet A-1 when mixed in the ratio (2:1) with a freezing time of 30 seconds and an unfreezing time of 17.5 minutes. Hence, Liquid Nitrogen can be used for the flammability reduction of Jet A-1.

Keyword : post-impact fire, flashpoint testing, CFD analysis, fire safety, contamination, FEM

How to Cite
Jinadu, A., Olayemi, O. A., Akangbe, A., Olatinwo, A.-H., Koloskov, V., & Tiniakov, D. (2023). Liquid nitrogen injection into aviation fuel to reduce its flammability and post-impact fire effects. Aviation, 27(3), 131–140.
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Oct 12, 2023
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