Effectiveness analysis of UCAV used in modern military conflicts
Analysis of contemporary armed conflicts shows that UCAV (Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle) is finding an increasing range of combat applications. The present study deals with constructional characteristics, tactical and technical parameters, equipment with reconnaissance sensors, electronic warfare equipment, weaponry, economic coefficient, combat experience, possessed additional benefits, systems and technologies, performance and application options in combat operations. Two UCAV (MALE − Medium Altitude Long Endurance) classes were analyzed based on Heron, Heron TP, MQ-1B Predator, MQ-1C Gray Eagle, Wing Loong, CH-4B and newly introduced MQ-9 Reaper ER, MQ-9 Reaper, P.1HH HammerHead, Mantis and (HALE − High Altitude Long Endurance) Global Yabhon, Yabhon-United 40 to determine their optimal effectiveness in combat operations. The article presents a general methodology for assessing the tactical effectiveness of selected UAV classes that are or can be used in modern armed conflicts. It can be useful for potential interested parties when making decisions regarding the purchase or application of an appropriate UAV depending on the capabilities and conditions of the defense strategy of a given country.
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