An effective and simple scheme for solving nonlinear Fredholm integral equations
In this paper, a simple scheme is constructed for finding approximate solution of the nonlinear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. To this end, the Lagrange interpolation polynomials together with the Gauss-Legendre quadrature rule are used to transform the source problem to a system of nonlinear algebraic equations. Afterwards, the resulting system can be solved by the Newton method. The basic idea is to choose the Lagrange interpolation points to be the same as the points for the Gauss-Legendre integration. This facilitates the evaluation of the integral part of the equation. We prove that the approximate solution converges uniformly to the exact solution. Also, stability of the approximate solution is investigated. The advantages of the method are simplicity, fastness and accuracy which enhance its applicability in practical situations. Finally, we provide some test examples.
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