Height determination techniques for the next national height system of Finland - a case study

    Timo Saari Affiliation
    ; Markku Poutanen Affiliation
    ; Veikko Saaranen Affiliation
    ; Harri Kaartinen Affiliation
    ; Antero Kukko Affiliation
    ; Sonja Lahtinen Affiliation


Precise levelling is known for its accuracy and reliability in height determination, but the process itself is slow, laborious and expensive. We have started a project to study methods for height determination that could decrease the creation time of national height systems without losing the accuracy and reliability that is needed for them. In the pilot project described here, we study some of the alternative techniques with a pilot field test where we compared them with the precise levelling. The purpose of the test is not to evaluate the mutual superiority or suitability of the techniques, but to establish the background for a larger test and to find strong and weak points of each technique. The techniques chosen for this study were precise levelling, Mobile Laser Scanning (MLS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) levelling, which included static Global Positioning System (GPS) and Virtual Reference Station (VRS) measurements. This research highlighted the differences of the studied techniques and gave insights about the framework and procedure for the later experiments. The research will continue in a larger scale, where the suitability of the techniques regarding the height systems is to be determined.

Keyword : national height system, precise levelling, GNSS, VRS, laser scanning, mobile laser scanning, geoid

How to Cite
Saari, T., Poutanen, M., Saaranen, V., Kaartinen, H., Kukko, A., & Lahtinen, S. (2015). Height determination techniques for the next national height system of Finland - a case study. Geodesy and Cartography, 41(4), 145-155.
Published in Issue
Dec 17, 2015
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